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Title: Process development for the recovery of europium and yttrium from computer monitor screens
Title of periodic: Minerals Engineering
Authors: Resende, Luciene V.
Morais, Carlos A.
Affiliation: Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear,CDTN, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil
Issue Date: 2015
Keywords: Extractive metallurgy;Europium;Yttrium
Abstract: This work describes the development of a process for the recovery of Eu and Y from cathode ray tubes (CRTs) of discarded computer monitors with the proposition of a flow sheet for the metals dissolution. Amongst other elements, europium and yttrium are presented in the CRTs in quantities – 0.73 w/w% of Eu and 13.4 w/w% of Y – that make their recovery worthwhile. The process developed is comprised of the sample acid digestion with concentrated sulphuric acid followed by water dynamic leaching at room temperature. In the CRTs, yttrium is present as oxysulphide (Y2O2S) and europium is an associated element – Y2O2S:Eu3+ (red phosphor compound). During the sulphuric acid digestion, oxysulphide is converted into a trivalent Eu and Y sulphate, in solid form, with the liberation of H2S. In the second step, metals are leached from the solid produced in the acid digestion step by dynamic leaching with water. This study indicates that a proportion of 1250 g of acid per kg of the sample is enough to convert Eu and Y oxysulphide into sulphate. After 15 min of acid digestion and 1.0 h of water leaching, a pregnant sulphuric liquor containing 17 g L−1 Y and 0.71 g L−1 Eu was obtained indicating yield recovery of Eu and Y of 96% and 98%, respectively. Both steps (acid digestion and water leaching) may be performed at room temperature.
Access: R
Appears in Collections:Artigo de periódico

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